Landau Stream Mesocosm Facility (LSMF)

Name
Landau Stream Mesocosm Facility (LSMF)
Legal name of organisation
University Koblenz-Landau
Country
Germany
Continent
Europe
Organisation address

University Koblenz-Landau
Fortstraße 7
76829 Landau

Primary contact information (PI)

Ralf Schulz
Matthias Wieczorek

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Years of Mesocosm Experiments
2008 - present
Description of Facility

The stream mesocosm facility at the Landau Campus (SW Germany) consists of 16 independent high-density concrete stream channels (each channel: 45 m length, 0.5 m depth; 0.4 m width). The channels can be run in a flow-through or recirculating mode with discharges up to about 3 L/s representing flow conditions and hydraulic residence times as typically represented by scenarios used e.g. for the regulatory assessment of chemicals in Europe.

Controlled Parameters

Discharge (L/s)

Flow (flow-through or/and recirculating)

Taxon and coverage of aquatic macrophytes

Sediment composition

Shading

Exposure scenario (peak-, hour- and day-scale)

Research Topics

Environmental fate of pollutants (e.g. sorption transient storage and longitudinal dispersion)

Assessment of adverse effects of pollutants on macroinvertebrates following pulse exposures

Evaluation and establishment of aquatic-terrestrial model ecosystems to assess aquatic insect emergence-related pollutant transfer or effect translation from aquatic to adjacent terrestrial systems

Facility location(s)
Primary interests
Specialist areas
Equipment

Sediment of various compositions

Aquatic macrophytes (e.g. Elodea nuttallii, E. canadensis, Myriophyllum spicatum)

Lodging

Possible upon negotiation

Source of Information

References:

Elsaesser, D., Stang, C., Bakanov, N., Schulz, R., 2013. The Landau Stream Mesocosm Facility: pesticide mitigation in vegetated flow-through streams. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 90, 640–5. doi:10.1007/s00128-013-0968-9

Stang, C., Elsaesser, D., Bundschuh, M., Ternes, T. a., Schulz, R., 2013. Mitigation of Biocide and Fungicide Concentrations in Flow-Through Vegetated Stream Mesocosms. J. Environ. Qual. 42, 1889. doi:10.2134/jeq2013.05.0186

Stang, C., Wieczorek, M.V., Noss, C., Lorke, A., Scherr, F., Goerlitz, G., Schulz, R., 2014. Role of submerged vegetation in the retention processes of three plant protection products in flow-through stream mesocosms. Chemosphere 107, 13–22. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.02.055

Wieczorek, M. V., Kötter, D., Gergs, R., Schulz, R., 2015. Using stable isotope analysis in stream mesocosms to study potential effects of environmental chemicals on aquatic-terrestrial subsidies. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 22, 12892–12901. doi:10.1007/s11356-015-4071-0

Wieczorek, M. V., Bakanov, N., Stang, C., Bilancia, D., Lagadic, L., Bruns, E., Schulz, R., 2016. Reference scenarios for exposure to plant protection products and invertebrate communities in stream mesocosms. Sci. Total Environ. 545-546, 308-319. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.048

Photos of experiments/installations

Stream mesocosm facility at the Landau Campus

Stream mesocosm facility at the Landau Campus