Kiel Indoor Benthocosms (KIBs) to simulate environmental fluctuations

Kiel-Indoor-Benthocosms (KIBs)
Legal name of organisation
GEOMAR-Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research
Organisation address

GEOMAR-Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research

West shore campus
Düsternbrooker Weg 20
D-24105 Kiel

East shore campus
Wischhofstr. 1-3
D-24148 Kiel

Primary contact information (PI)

Dr. Christian Pansch


Years of Mesocosm Experiments
Description of Facility

Indoor – Pelagic/Benthic – Marine/Brackish

Indoor (air-conditioned rooms) infrastructure consisting of 12 independent 600 liter tanks. Based on an computer controlled system, artificial fluctuations of diverse parameters can be simulated in through-flowing seawater

Controlled Parameters

temperature, salinity, pH and irradiation (oxygen in progress)

Research Topics

Variability impacts from: temperature, salinity, pH and irradiation (oxygen in progress) – from single species to communities

Facility location(s)
Primary interests
Specialist areas

fluctuation scearios in flow through systems


12 independent experimental units (infinite subunits in these tanks), heaters, coolers, automated, heat exchangers, internal circulation, flow through system, programmable climate simulation

Source of Information

Media report: Window on future ocean

Wahl et al. 2015 A mesocosm concept for the simulation of near-natural shallow underwater climates: The Kiel Outdoor Benthocosms (KOB) (L&O Methods, doi: 10.1002/lom3.10055)

Photos of experiments/installations